Osprey 30

Female Osprey 30 fledged from the Site B nest in 2005. She returned to Rutland in 2007 and bred for the first time in 2009, raising two chicks with translocated male 08(01), at a nest on private land known as Site K. 30 and 08 raised a further six chicks from 2010 to 2012. Sadly 08 did not return in 2013 and 30 did not breed in 2013 or 2014. In 2015, however, she found a new mate and raised two chicks!
30(05) was fitted with a GPS tracker on 19th June 2013.

Gambling not condoned

Perhaps we should have had a sweepstake in the Wildlife Trust office as to which country ‘4K’ was going to choose as his wintering ground. I wouldn’t have won anyway – I would have put a wager on the satellite tagged osprey carrying on south to Sierra Leone, or maybe Côte d’Ivoire, considering how he seemed hell-bent on continuing south.

For those who have been checking the satellite tagging page, it will come as no surprise to learn his movements are now focused around an area half-way down the coast of Guinea (also known as French Guinea, but not to be confused with Equatorial Guinea), near the town of Boffa.

The latest comings and goings of 4K on the coast of Guinea.

 

Picking up from when we last spoke, I’ve referred to my trusty travel guides once again to learn about another country in West Africa. The borders of Guinea have changed over time, with it once being part of Senegal. Ruled by France as a colony until 1958, defiant independence followed with links severed from its former colonial master, giving rise to one of the longest running oppressive regimes in Africa. After decades of political unrest and violence, together with more than one military coup, Guinea has seen its fair share of difficulties over the years. Despite the country being rich in minerals such as bauxite, most people live below the poverty line, with life expectancy being only 53 (men) and 56 (women). 

Despite all these troubles, Guinea has a tangible vivacity amongst its 10.5 million population. The country is known for its cultural traditions, especially in music and dance, with these being a must-see for tourists. Its mix of cultures are apparent: not in every country can you trek through jungles and see chimpanzees and hippos in the south-east, buy French pâtisseries in the capital Conakry and visit an open air cinema in Mamou all in one trip.

Talking of food, a popular dish is ‘kulikuli’, peanut balls with onion and cayenne pepper, washed down with a cup of typical Guinean coffee, espresso-like and drunk with lots of sugar. That will leave you bouncing off the walls enough to bound your way through one of the many bustling markets in the capital, or enjoy a traditional dance performance.

The other tagged ospreys ’30’ and ‘S1’ are still holding court on their respective wintering grounds in Senegal and Guinea-Bissau. We’ll be checking in on all the tagged ospreys from time to time of course, to monitor their movements and better understand their behaviour, particularly where they are fishing.

Perhaps we should have a sweepstake on when each of the ospreys return to Rutland next March instead.

Place your bets (please gamble responsibly).

 

With a little help from the Lonely Planet guide….

It’s a little embarrassing really. To my shame, I know barely anything about the part of the world where our three tagged ospreys have migrated, so I thought I would do some reading up.

Senegal

Surrounded by desert, Senegal has a tropical climate with some great beaches – according to my Lonely Planet travel book. Apparently its trademarks include: the Wolof and Mandinka tribes; vibrant markets; striking mangrove swamps; its groundnut industry; lively fishing communities; great scuba diving opportunities and good beer. Its 10.5 million population has given rise to many musicians with internationally renowned reputations. Many crumbling old colonial buildings comprise some of the architecture, especially in St Louis on the west coast of Senegal (just up the coast from where our female ’30’ has wintered for the past six years).

French is the national language of course (even I knew that much), but if you want to greet someone a phrase to remember is ‘Asalaa-maalekum’ meaning ‘peace’ in Wolof. The national dish is ‘maffé saloum’- a beef dish cooked with peanuts, tomatoes, yams and carrots (not one for vegetarians with a nut allergy) and a popular drink to quench your thirst is ‘bissap’ juice – described as having lots of ‘zing’.

Gambia

The smallest country within mainland Africa with a population of just 1.5 million, Gambia was first colonised by the Portugese and then the British. It’s an incredibly biodiverse country for such a small area, with 576 bird species. Sunshine and golden beaches contrast with ruins of slaving stations, reminding us of the painful history of this region of Africa.

Tourism and the fishing industry drive Gambia’s economy. Imagine what it must be like for an osprey holding a wintering territory on the beaches of Gambia, with its dense rows of brightly coloured fishing boats along the shoreline, competing with the local human population for food and navigating the potential hazards of snagging a fishing net when diving. None of our three tagged ospreys are currently residing in Gambia, but many ospreys which breed in the UK do of course.

Waiting for the boats to come in – the fishing industry is vital to the economy in Gambia.

A bit different to Rutland Water (by John Wright)

Some fascinating facts about Gambia: the capital’s airport, Banjul International Airport, had its runway partly built by NASA as an emergency runway for space shuttles. Word of caution: never whistle after dark – its a taboo.

Guinea-Bissau

What is it like where ‘S1’ is spending his time? Well I was staggered when I googled images of the Arquipélago dos Bijagós (or Bissagos Islands), just off the coast of Guinea-Bissau. The beauty of those rainforest clad tropical little islands fringed by pristine beaches, surrounded by crystal clear water makes me want to book a flight right now and leave this dreary wet September day at Rutland far behind. No wonder wildlife watching on the Bissagos Islands is listed as an essential experience for tourists at this protected biosphere reserve. Incidentally, another inhabitant of these islands is a rare species of saltwater hippo – I wonder if S1 will see one?

As for mainland Guinea-Bissau, this is another very small country of 1.3 million, intersected by waterways. The official language is Portuguese and the architecture of many buildings reflects the colonial history. Guinea-Bissau is the sixth largest producer of cashew nuts – no coincidence then that the tipple of choice is a cashew rum (‘caña de cajeu’). While at the bar, why not try some ‘riz gras’- a rice with greasy sauce, or some grilled fish and salad? The locals are described as some of the most “unconditionally hospitable” people in West Africa, despite being one of the most poverty stricken in the whole of the continent – quite a humbling thought.

What about 4K?

Since we last spoke, this young male has moved even further south – now into Guinea. Answers on a postcard for where he will eventually end up (not a request to be taken literally, thank you readers). Sierra Leone? Côte d’Ivoire perhaps?

4K is still on the move…

When viewing the satellite tracking webpage, did you know that if you click and drag the little street-view person (the small yellow figure in the bottom right-hand corner) over the map, it’s possible to view some of Google’s street-view images and photo archives? Where available, there are some fascinating panoramic views to be had all over these west African countries.

If the editor of Lonely Planet is hiring, just let me know.

The times they are a-changing

There is a chill in the air early morning, our Lyndon visitor centre has now closed down for the winter (“But its only mid-September?!” I hear you cry) and our seasonal staff for the osprey project have their contracts drawing to an end. After a very busy (and incredibly hot) season its slightly surreal to witness such stark changes – perhaps not quite as profound or politically charged as what Bob Dylan was singing about, but it will take a little getting used to for the remaining staff here at the Wildlife Trust.

And what of our intrepid travellers? Its been four days since we checked in on the whereabouts of our tagged birds and I’m sure all our avid followers of the Rutland ospreys are champing at the bit to find out their latest locations.

4K

4K 13th September

 

This young male was in Morocco on Monday, 26 miles south-west of Marrakesh. 4K has moved significantly further south since then to Mauritania, near Nouakchott to be specific, west of the Traza Desert.

 

S1

S1 13th September

 

This individual is further south than its peer – S1 had reached Senegal by Monday, but is now in Guinea-Bissau, west Africa. It has crossed over The Gambia and seems to have sought an island existence for itself for the time being, having headed near Bolama.

Imagine what the view must be like from that archipelago. Good fishing opportunities amongst these islands? Friendly locals? Here’s hoping.

 

End of the Osprey Season

Today is the final day of the Lyndon Visitor Centre 2018 osprey season; tomorrow we will close for the winter. It is very quiet here, with Maya leaving on the 31st at 10:20 and 33(11) at around 10:00 on the 3rd September, by now both ospreys should be well on their way to their wintering grounds. Hard to believe it has been almost a week with no ospreys in the bay!

For those of you that would like to look back fondly, we have a little video of the 2018 Manton Bay highlights. What a great season it has been! We can announce that this year there were 8 breeding pairs of osprey in the Rutland area, with 14 chicks successfully fledged. Unfortunately the number is much lower than expected, as many nests only had one or two chicks and not the usual three. This could be due to the extreme weather we experienced this season. However, this year we did have some very positive signs that next year could be the best season yet for the Rutland Osprey Project.

 

I would just like to say a massive thank you to everyone who has supported and visited the project this year, whether online or in the centre. The biggest thank you of course is to the incredible volunteers who dedicate their spare time to making the Rutland Osprey Project so special; they do a fantastic job of sharing their enthusiasm and knowledge, in the hide and visitor centre. This year we are especially grateful as they managed to battle though the extreme temperatures we had this spring and summer, thank you so much!

S1

I thought S1 might have reached his wintering grounds by now, having entered Senegal on the afternoon of the 7th, but instead he has carried on and looks like he could be heading towards The Gambia. After crossing the Senegalese border he roosted to the East of St Louis, he then headed further south and, as of 17:00 8th was just north-east of Kaolack. He is reasonably far inland at the moment, around 150 km in fact, and is only about 70 km away from the Gambian border, so could his wintering ground be somewhere along the central river? We should find out soon!  

S1 6th-7th

S1 8th

30

30 is a bird of habit and is still following her normal migration route though Western Sahara. Compared to S1 her route is much closer to the coast, but as her wintering ground is on the Senegalese coastline this is not surprising. 30 is still on what is most likely the hardest stretch of the migration, across hot desert, with not many safe perches along the way, but with only 1000 km left she is two-thirds of the way there!

30 6th -7th

30 8th

4K

4K is quickly catching up and is only around 300 km away from the Morocco-Western Sahara border, his chosen route seems very similar to that of 30, so maybe he will be over-wintering in a similar spot.

4K 6th-7th

4K 7th-8th

 

Almost There

S1

After spending the night in the desert on the 5th of August, S1 was quickly up into the sky and off south, he has now made his way to the south of Mauritania. This morning at around 7:00 he was only about 100 km from the border with Senegal, which means he could be arriving at his wintering ground as we speak! It will be very interesting to see which part of Senegal or The Gambia he has chosen to spend his winter. We know that 30 has her preferred spot on the Senegalese coast, somewhere between Dakar and St Louis, so is S1 heading down to this area? Or could he be following his nest mate S2 who was photographed on the Sine-Saloum Delta, near the northern border between Senegal and The Gambia? At S1’s current rate it won’t be long until we have the answers to these questions, let’s hope he has a successful last few days of migration before his well-earned rest.

s1- 5th-6th

30

As always 30 is also making great progress in just one day she has travelled over 330 km and last night was in southern Morocco. It is more than likely that she is now in Western Sahara, following her familiar autumn migration route.

30-5th-6th

30 roost 6th

4K has rocketed along and early this morning made the crossing from Europe to North Africa. He spent last night on the Spanish coast near the town of El Palmer, then first thing in the morning he was off, heading out towards Morocco. 4K has followed a very similar route to S1, but why do the birds choose to cross the Strait of Gibraltar at this point? There is more chance of them been blown off course and much more open water to navigate. The answer could be elevation, if you look at the images below you can see the boys are perhaps choosing to miss the mountainous area around Gibraltar and choosing the much lower elevated area to the west. We are already learning so much about these amazing birds!

Strait of Gibraltar
S1 – Yellow
4K- Pink
30 -Green
Elev= elevation

Strait of Gibraltar
S1 – Yellow
4K- Pink
30 -Green
Elev= elevation

4K- 4th-6th