Osprey S1

Male osprey S1 fledged from Manton Bay in 2015, he was one of the first chicks that Maya and 33(11) the current Manton Bay pair had. He was ringed on the 30th June and left for his first migration on the 29th August 2015.
S1 was first seen back in the UK in 2017, both in Poole Harbour then in Rutland. He has been holding territory but has not yet managed to attract a female. S1 (15) was fitted with a GPS tracker in August 2018.

WARNING: this blog contains the ‘B’ word

It’s hard to avoid nowadays. Mentioned everywhere we turn, constantly discussed on all media platforms. We’ve been talking about it for over two years and there are still six months to go (at least) until anything happens. I’m talking, of course, about Brexit.

Has anyone else noticed how Brexit is often the go-to answer for difficult to answer questions? In my house, we see how much we can get away with using Brexit as the excuse for everyday tasks going awry: forgetting to buy milk, heavy traffic, a meal not turning out well, sleeping in and being late for work…and so it goes on.

In case any readers are feeling a bit twitchy at this point and considering navigating to another website – rest assured, I’m not about to get up on my soapbox on the subject. I mention the matter simply because the following question was put to me recently: how will the Rutland Osprey Project be affected by Brexit?

There is no easy answer to this and I defy anyone to state this is not a bit of a head scratcher. First and foremost, it is impossible to say with any confidence how anything will be affected by the UK’s departure from the EU.

The future of all UK conservation law is uncertain. European legislation is currently being re-written for a plethora of species and habitats which have previously been protected for decades by the EU Birds Directive and the EU Habitats Directive. It is unknown as yet whether this legislation will be watered down with the EU Withdrawal Bill, or removed completely.

With the UK withdrawing from the EU Common Agricultural Policy and Common Fisheries Policy and introducing a new Agriculture Bill and Fisheries Bill in its place, as well as a new Environment Bill building on the the Government’s 25 year Environment Plan, there is much opportunity to change the state of environmental protection in the UK for wildlife and habitats, as well as the quality of our air, water and soil. How could ospreys be affected by all this, when they already benefit from Schedule 1 protection? Your guess is as good as mine at this stage – perhaps a countryside better managed for wildlife may potentially affect the breeding territories of some ospreys in the UK.

All conservation NGOs will be and are already being affected by the new fundraising landscape. Organisations which previously sought funding from the EU to support their environmental and conservation projects (e.g. EU LIFE funding) are rapidly seeking support closer to home, putting more pressure on UK-based funding providers.

The Rutland Osprey Project is fortunate enough to have strong working relationships with partners along the ospreys’ migration flyway and on their wintering grounds in Gambia and Senegal. Having been forged over some years now, these relationships are unlikely to change following Brexit, all being well.

Interesting times lay ahead – perhaps Brexit will conjure up a stumbling block for the osprey project, but we and other conservation projects will just have to continue to be resilient in the face of adversity. I almost envy the ospreys, blissfully unaware of borders and the chaotic political landscape in the country where they breed.

By way of some light relief, let us remind ourselves of where our satellite tagged ospreys are currently residing. No prizes for guessing there hasn’t been a great deal of movement from them on their wintering grounds – apart from the occasional day trip.

 

S1, in the Bissagos Islands, Guinea-Bissau

 

4K, on the coast of Guinea

 

30, on the coast of Senegal

 

Gambling not condoned

Perhaps we should have had a sweepstake in the Wildlife Trust office as to which country ‘4K’ was going to choose as his wintering ground. I wouldn’t have won anyway – I would have put a wager on the satellite tagged osprey carrying on south to Sierra Leone, or maybe Côte d’Ivoire, considering how he seemed hell-bent on continuing south.

For those who have been checking the satellite tagging page, it will come as no surprise to learn his movements are now focused around an area half-way down the coast of Guinea (also known as French Guinea, but not to be confused with Equatorial Guinea), near the town of Boffa.

The latest comings and goings of 4K on the coast of Guinea.

 

Picking up from when we last spoke, I’ve referred to my trusty travel guides once again to learn about another country in West Africa. The borders of Guinea have changed over time, with it once being part of Senegal. Ruled by France as a colony until 1958, defiant independence followed with links severed from its former colonial master, giving rise to one of the longest running oppressive regimes in Africa. After decades of political unrest and violence, together with more than one military coup, Guinea has seen its fair share of difficulties over the years. Despite the country being rich in minerals such as bauxite, most people live below the poverty line, with life expectancy being only 53 (men) and 56 (women). 

Despite all these troubles, Guinea has a tangible vivacity amongst its 10.5 million population. The country is known for its cultural traditions, especially in music and dance, with these being a must-see for tourists. Its mix of cultures are apparent: not in every country can you trek through jungles and see chimpanzees and hippos in the south-east, buy French pâtisseries in the capital Conakry and visit an open air cinema in Mamou all in one trip.

Talking of food, a popular dish is ‘kulikuli’, peanut balls with onion and cayenne pepper, washed down with a cup of typical Guinean coffee, espresso-like and drunk with lots of sugar. That will leave you bouncing off the walls enough to bound your way through one of the many bustling markets in the capital, or enjoy a traditional dance performance.

The other tagged ospreys ’30’ and ‘S1’ are still holding court on their respective wintering grounds in Senegal and Guinea-Bissau. We’ll be checking in on all the tagged ospreys from time to time of course, to monitor their movements and better understand their behaviour, particularly where they are fishing.

Perhaps we should have a sweepstake on when each of the ospreys return to Rutland next March instead.

Place your bets (please gamble responsibly).

 

With a little help from the Lonely Planet guide….

It’s a little embarrassing really. To my shame, I know barely anything about the part of the world where our three tagged ospreys have migrated, so I thought I would do some reading up.

Senegal

Surrounded by desert, Senegal has a tropical climate with some great beaches – according to my Lonely Planet travel book. Apparently its trademarks include: the Wolof and Mandinka tribes; vibrant markets; striking mangrove swamps; its groundnut industry; lively fishing communities; great scuba diving opportunities and good beer. Its 10.5 million population has given rise to many musicians with internationally renowned reputations. Many crumbling old colonial buildings comprise some of the architecture, especially in St Louis on the west coast of Senegal (just up the coast from where our female ’30’ has wintered for the past six years).

French is the national language of course (even I knew that much), but if you want to greet someone a phrase to remember is ‘Asalaa-maalekum’ meaning ‘peace’ in Wolof. The national dish is ‘maffé saloum’- a beef dish cooked with peanuts, tomatoes, yams and carrots (not one for vegetarians with a nut allergy) and a popular drink to quench your thirst is ‘bissap’ juice – described as having lots of ‘zing’.

Gambia

The smallest country within mainland Africa with a population of just 1.5 million, Gambia was first colonised by the Portugese and then the British. It’s an incredibly biodiverse country for such a small area, with 576 bird species. Sunshine and golden beaches contrast with ruins of slaving stations, reminding us of the painful history of this region of Africa.

Tourism and the fishing industry drive Gambia’s economy. Imagine what it must be like for an osprey holding a wintering territory on the beaches of Gambia, with its dense rows of brightly coloured fishing boats along the shoreline, competing with the local human population for food and navigating the potential hazards of snagging a fishing net when diving. None of our three tagged ospreys are currently residing in Gambia, but many ospreys which breed in the UK do of course.

Waiting for the boats to come in – the fishing industry is vital to the economy in Gambia.

A bit different to Rutland Water (by John Wright)

Some fascinating facts about Gambia: the capital’s airport, Banjul International Airport, had its runway partly built by NASA as an emergency runway for space shuttles. Word of caution: never whistle after dark – its a taboo.

Guinea-Bissau

What is it like where ‘S1’ is spending his time? Well I was staggered when I googled images of the Arquipélago dos Bijagós (or Bissagos Islands), just off the coast of Guinea-Bissau. The beauty of those rainforest clad tropical little islands fringed by pristine beaches, surrounded by crystal clear water makes me want to book a flight right now and leave this dreary wet September day at Rutland far behind. No wonder wildlife watching on the Bissagos Islands is listed as an essential experience for tourists at this protected biosphere reserve. Incidentally, another inhabitant of these islands is a rare species of saltwater hippo – I wonder if S1 will see one?

As for mainland Guinea-Bissau, this is another very small country of 1.3 million, intersected by waterways. The official language is Portuguese and the architecture of many buildings reflects the colonial history. Guinea-Bissau is the sixth largest producer of cashew nuts – no coincidence then that the tipple of choice is a cashew rum (‘caña de cajeu’). While at the bar, why not try some ‘riz gras’- a rice with greasy sauce, or some grilled fish and salad? The locals are described as some of the most “unconditionally hospitable” people in West Africa, despite being one of the most poverty stricken in the whole of the continent – quite a humbling thought.

What about 4K?

Since we last spoke, this young male has moved even further south – now into Guinea. Answers on a postcard for where he will eventually end up (not a request to be taken literally, thank you readers). Sierra Leone? Côte d’Ivoire perhaps?

4K is still on the move…

When viewing the satellite tracking webpage, did you know that if you click and drag the little street-view person (the small yellow figure in the bottom right-hand corner) over the map, it’s possible to view some of Google’s street-view images and photo archives? Where available, there are some fascinating panoramic views to be had all over these west African countries.

If the editor of Lonely Planet is hiring, just let me know.

The times they are a-changing

There is a chill in the air early morning, our Lyndon visitor centre has now closed down for the winter (“But its only mid-September?!” I hear you cry) and our seasonal staff for the osprey project have their contracts drawing to an end. After a very busy (and incredibly hot) season its slightly surreal to witness such stark changes – perhaps not quite as profound or politically charged as what Bob Dylan was singing about, but it will take a little getting used to for the remaining staff here at the Wildlife Trust.

And what of our intrepid travellers? Its been four days since we checked in on the whereabouts of our tagged birds and I’m sure all our avid followers of the Rutland ospreys are champing at the bit to find out their latest locations.

4K

4K 13th September

 

This young male was in Morocco on Monday, 26 miles south-west of Marrakesh. 4K has moved significantly further south since then to Mauritania, near Nouakchott to be specific, west of the Traza Desert.

 

S1

S1 13th September

 

This individual is further south than its peer – S1 had reached Senegal by Monday, but is now in Guinea-Bissau, west Africa. It has crossed over The Gambia and seems to have sought an island existence for itself for the time being, having headed near Bolama.

Imagine what the view must be like from that archipelago. Good fishing opportunities amongst these islands? Friendly locals? Here’s hoping.

 

End of the Osprey Season

Today is the final day of the Lyndon Visitor Centre 2018 osprey season; tomorrow we will close for the winter. It is very quiet here, with Maya leaving on the 31st at 10:20 and 33(11) at around 10:00 on the 3rd September, by now both ospreys should be well on their way to their wintering grounds. Hard to believe it has been almost a week with no ospreys in the bay!

For those of you that would like to look back fondly, we have a little video of the 2018 Manton Bay highlights. What a great season it has been! We can announce that this year there were 8 breeding pairs of osprey in the Rutland area, with 14 chicks successfully fledged. Unfortunately the number is much lower than expected, as many nests only had one or two chicks and not the usual three. This could be due to the extreme weather we experienced this season. However, this year we did have some very positive signs that next year could be the best season yet for the Rutland Osprey Project.

 

I would just like to say a massive thank you to everyone who has supported and visited the project this year, whether online or in the centre. The biggest thank you of course is to the incredible volunteers who dedicate their spare time to making the Rutland Osprey Project so special; they do a fantastic job of sharing their enthusiasm and knowledge, in the hide and visitor centre. This year we are especially grateful as they managed to battle though the extreme temperatures we had this spring and summer, thank you so much!

S1

I thought S1 might have reached his wintering grounds by now, having entered Senegal on the afternoon of the 7th, but instead he has carried on and looks like he could be heading towards The Gambia. After crossing the Senegalese border he roosted to the East of St Louis, he then headed further south and, as of 17:00 8th was just north-east of Kaolack. He is reasonably far inland at the moment, around 150 km in fact, and is only about 70 km away from the Gambian border, so could his wintering ground be somewhere along the central river? We should find out soon!  

S1 6th-7th

S1 8th

30

30 is a bird of habit and is still following her normal migration route though Western Sahara. Compared to S1 her route is much closer to the coast, but as her wintering ground is on the Senegalese coastline this is not surprising. 30 is still on what is most likely the hardest stretch of the migration, across hot desert, with not many safe perches along the way, but with only 1000 km left she is two-thirds of the way there!

30 6th -7th

30 8th

4K

4K is quickly catching up and is only around 300 km away from the Morocco-Western Sahara border, his chosen route seems very similar to that of 30, so maybe he will be over-wintering in a similar spot.

4K 6th-7th

4K 7th-8th